COMMERCE OF THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS
in return only 162,341 dollars’ worth of the products of her own mills and mines and forges. From the United Kingdom, how- ever, the islands purchased commodities to the value of $2,467,- 090, or about one-third of the value of their exports to that country. France sold to them almost as much as she bought from them, while Germany sold them more than three times as much as she took from them. The principal articles of export are manila hemp, sugar, copra, and tobacco. During the ten years ending June 30, 1897, the average annual exports of sugar were 301,814,668 pounds, of which the United States took annually an average of 167,414,906 pounds and the United Kingdom an average of 128,145,274 pounds, the United States taking a larger amount than the United Kingdom six years out of ten. The exports of sugar attained their maximum in 1889, when they amounted to 408,722,161 pounds, of which the United States took 284,654,552 pounds, or 69.6 per cent, and the United Kingdom 113,143,941 pounds, or 27.7 per cent. In 1897 the total amount exported was only 153,576,125 pounds, of which the United Kingdom took 106,578,638 pounds, or 69.4 per cent, and the United States 43,261,182 pounds, or 28.2 per cent. During the same period of ten years, 1888 to 1897, the total exports of manila hemp averaged 651,897 bales per annum, of which the United Kingdom took an average of 380,767 bales and the United States an average of 265,344 bales, the United Kingdom taking a larger amount than the United States seven years out of ten. The exports of this product reached their maximum in 1897, when they amounted to 825,028 bales, of which the United States took 417,473 bales, or 50.6 per cent, and the United Kingdom 385,182 bales, or 46.7 per cent. Copra is exported mainly to the continent of Europe, the shipments in 1897 reaching a total of 801,437 pounds. The same year the exports of leaf tobacco amounted to 69,803,325 pounds, of which exactly 80 per cent went to the continent of Europe. The cigars exported aggregated 156,916,000, of which 81,670,000 went to China and Japan. There were no shipments of leaf tobacco to the. United States, and the cigars exported to this country amounted only to 2,285,000.